Senec

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Town Senec
The actual name "Senec", used since the first half of the 20th century, comes out of the aged names Zemch, Szempc and Wartberg. The town consists of four districts (Senec, Svätý Martin, ?ervený majer and Horný dvor). Senec is, above all, a well known important Slovak Summer Tourist Centrum. The Town is attractive for housing not only because of the neighbourhood of Bratislava, the Capital, but also the healthy Environment and Slne?né jazerá (Sunny Lakes). Senec had been the Capital of the District during the periods of 1949-1960 and 1996-2004.
Since January 1, 2004 the District Authority has been located in Senec.

Location
Senec can be found within the Central European Region. It is situated in the South-West of Slovakia - in Podunajská nížina, on the boundary line of Podunajská rovina and Podunajská pahorkatina. The Town is 27 km far-away from the Austria boundary (frontier crossing at Kittsee), and 28 km far-away from the Hungary border (frontier crossing at Rajka). Vienna (90 km), Budapest (230 km) and Prague (350 km) are the nearest European cities.
The Town is located 25 kilometres in the north-east from Bratislava, 126 m above sea level. The geographic coordinates, 17° 24´ of the eastern geographic longitude, and 48° 13´ of the northern latitude determine the geographic position of the Town Centre.
The Town has good access to Highway D1, Bratislava - Žilina, and is situated on the significant European railway route Prague-Bratislava-Balkans/Orient. According to the area-administrative arrangement of the Slovak Republic, the Town ranges within the eastern part of Bratislava region, Bratislava Higher Regional Unit (VÚC).

Population
In 2001 14,673 permanent residents with population density of 379 occupants per 1 km2 lived in Senec. Accordingly, Senec is on the 55th place from among 138 Slovak cities. Following the age, the residents in productive age (men 15-59 years old, women 15-54 years old) form the largest group (67.5%). Senec belongs among the cities with a mixed composition of different nations. In 2001 10,970 (75%) occupants who acknowledged Slovak nationality, and 3,246 (22%) occupants who acknowledged Hungarian nationality lived in Senec. The Roman Catholic Church dominates with 71.7% within the church structure in Senec. The Protestant Church with 8.45% is the second largest Church. The residents without faith represent 12.89%. In education, technical and secondary schools without the General Certificate of Education dominate with 27.91%. In 2001 graduates represented 11.17% share of Senec residents.

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